Beauchemin, Cris, Hamel, Christelle, Simon, Patrick (Dir.), Trajectories and Origins: Survey on the Diversity of the French Population, 2018


This book provides the main findings of a ground-breaking survey on immigrants and the second generation in France. The data, collected from more than 20, 000 persons representative of the population living in France, offer invaluable insights into the trajectories and experience of ethnic minorities.

The book explains how France has been an immigrant-receiving country for over a century and how it is now a multicultural society with an unprecedented level of origin diversity. While immigrants and their descendants are targets of clichés and stereotyping, this book provides unique quantitative findings on their situation in all areas of personal and working life.Is origin in itself a factor of inequality? With its detailed reconstitutions of educational, occupational and conjugal trajectories and its exploration of access to housing and health, this book provides multiple approaches to answering this question.

One of the work’s major contributions is to combine objective and subjective measures of discrimination: this is the first study in France to focus on racism as experienced by those subjected to it, while opening up new methodological perspectives on the experience of prejudice by origin, religion, and skin colour.

Les auteurs

Dr Cris Beauchemin is a tenured research fellow at INED (Institut National d’Études Démographiques / French Institute for Demographic Studies) and associate professor at the department of demography of the University of Montreal. He holds his PhD from the University Paris 8. Prior to joining INED, he spent 3 years at the University of Montreal (Demography Department). Most of his research is about migration and connections between places of origin and destination. Covering both domestic and international migration, especially in the African context, his works relate to trends of migration, migrants’ investments, return migration, transnational families, integration and transnationalism… In the last decade, he was responsible of projects involving large scale surveys: the Migration between Africa and Europe project (MAFE) and the Trajectories and origin survey in France (TeO). He is associate editor of the journal International Migration Review.

Christelle Hamel, a sociologist by training, is a researcher at the French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) where she co-heads the Demography, Gender and Societies research unit. Her earlier work focused on gender relations among the descendants of immigrants from the Maghreb and Turkey, notably their young adult years, on union formation and experience of racism. She has also conducted research on forced marriage. She is head of the VIRAGE survey on violence and gender relations, and the contexts and consequences of interpersonal violence in France.

Patrick Simon is Director of research at INED (Institut National d’Etudes Demographiques –National demographic institute) (F), and is fellow researcher at the Center of European Studies (CEE) at Sciences Po. He is a distinguished visiting professor at CUNY (2015-2016). He is studying antidiscrimination policies, ethnic classification and the integration of ethnic minorities in European countries. He has chaired the scientific panel “Integration of immigrants” at the IUSSP (International Union for the Scientific Studies of Population) and was appointed at the Scientific Board of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Commission in Vienna (2008-2013). He has edited with V.Piché and A.Gagnon (2015) Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity: Cross-National perspectives in classifications and identity politics, Springer and with Nancy Foner (2015) Fear, Anxiety, and National Identity: Immigration and Belonging in North America and Western Europe, New York, Russel Sage Foundation.