CONF : “A Market for Work Permits”, intervention de Martin Ravaillon dans le Webinar “Economics of Migrations” — Mercredi 15 avril 2020, 17h30

Le CERDI organise une série de séminaires en ligne (Zoom webinars) sur l’économie des migrations, en collaboration avec PSE, le LISER, l’Université du Luxembourg, l’Universidad Carlos III, le CEPII et IC Migrations du CNRS. Cette initiative veut contribuer à animer des échanges entre chercheurs dans ce contexte exceptionnel.

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It will be politically difficult to liberalize international migration without some form of protection for host-country workers. The paper explores the scope for efficiently managing migration and refugees using a competitive market for work permits. Host-county workers would be granted the legal option of renting out their implicit citizenship work permits for a period of their choice, while foreigners purchase time-bound work permits. The market is anonymous, with no need for personalized matchings of buyers with sellers. Aggregate labor supply need not change in the host country. However, total output would rise, and workers would see enhanced social protection. Simulations for the US and Mexico suggest that the new market would attract many skilled migrants, boosting GDP and reducing poverty in the US.

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