PUBLI : Myriam Khlat, Matthew Wallace et Michel Guillot, « Divergent mortality patterns for second generation men of North-​African and South-​European origin in France : Role of labour force participation », SSM – Population Health, Vol. 9, Décember 2019

Abstract

Introduction

In France, second gener­a­tion men of South-​European origin were recently found to expe­ri­ence a mortality advan­tage, as opposed to second gener­a­tion men of North-​African origin, subjected to a large amount of excess mortality. We analyze the roles of educa­tion and labor force partic­i­pa­tion in the expla­na­tion of these contrasting mortality patterns.

Materials and methods

Our data consisted of a nationally-​representative sample of indi­vid­uals aged 18 – 64 years derived from the 1999 census, with mortality follow-​up until 2010.

Results

The two groups of second gener­a­tion men, and partic­u­larly those of North-​African origin, were less educated than the native-​origin popu­la­tion, but only the latter was disad­van­taged in terms of labor force partic­i­pa­tion. Relative to the native-​origin popu­la­tion, the mortality hazard ratio for second gener­a­tion men of North-​African origin (HR = 1.71 [1.09 – 2.70]) remained signif­i­cant after adjusting for level of educa­tional attain­ment (HR = 1.59 [1.01 – 2.50]), but not after adjusting for economic activity (HR = 1.20 [0.76 – 1.89]) or for both vari­ables (1.16 [0.74 – 1.83]). Conversely, the mortality hazard ratio for second gener­a­tion men of South-​European origin (HR = 0.64 [0.46 – 0.90]) remained unchanged after adjust­ment for level of educa­tional attain­ment and/​or economic activity.

Conclusion

The find­ings shed light on the salient role of labor market disad­van­tage in the expla­na­tion of the mortality excess of second gener­a­tion men of North-​African origin in France, and on the favor­able situ­a­tion of second-​generation men of South-​European origin in terms of labour market posi­tion and mortality. The theo­ret­ical and policy impli­ca­tions of the find­ings are discussed.

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